A coy smile, a puppet show and a pointed finger lead to discoveries in how babies get along with others using humor, morality, and shared experience.
Study of morality, judging similarities with others, social interaction.
Vasudevi Reddy, Professor of Developmental and Cultural Psychology, University of Portsmouth, UK.
Infants have great interest in relationship, connecting, interacting.
Ms. Reddy studied 5 babies from 7 weeks to 5 months of age. She filmed them in 3 situations in an effort to chart when they connected, She used coy smiles as her mean for the study.
Kiley Hamlin. Associate professor of Phycology. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Questions: When do children begin understanding those who are helpful or not helpful. This realization is earlier than previously believed.
Puppet shows were presented as a way to chart infant reaction. This is because babies enjoyed watching them and responding. Climbing character tries and tries to climb the hill. Second character comes and pushed him up the hill – helper. Third character pushed the character down the hill – hinderer
Kids have to choose their favorite by looking at him or touching his puppet. No 6 month studied chose the hinderer. 10 months old’s 2 of 16 chose hinderer. 3 month old’s all chose helper Morality is not all learned, we are born with it!!! Profound realization!!!!! When do babies start identifying with particular person, someone like them? Babies like graham cracker or green bean. Puppet chooses same. friend When puppet was not liking the same food he was not on team
One of the puppets looses his ball the helper returnes it. Then they see their puppet play with someone who takes the ball away. Babies morality presents as those similar to me. Not mature morality. TEAM BASED MORALITY. People help others, animals not so much.
Melinda Carpenter, Professor Developmental Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews Scotland, UK
Most interested in prelingual gestures in babies. We share with others, information, experiences, social things, etc. The gesture of pointing is major.
Our babies grow up and connect with the world early. They want to be a part of everything!!! So amazed at the world!!! Babies point allot in the beginning, before words!
See things, pointing, emotions and interests that can be share. 12 month old babies being pointing. Why? Share? Something else?
Experiment: Babies point at the puppet How many times does baby point?
- When experimenter does not respond to the puppet their response becomes more mellow. Not happy
- Second group, the adult looks only at the puppets, no comment to the kids. The babies tried to get him to connect with their points. Then stopped pointing, when he responded, they are happy.
As previously discovered in other videos in this series, babies are far more developed at younger ages than previously believed.